The Jackapoo is a hybrid dog resulting from breeding a Jack Russell Terrier with a Toy or Miniature Poodle. These adorable dogs are also known as Jackadoodles, Poojacks, or Jack-a-Poos. They are small but very active, requiring at least an hour of activity a day to keep them from becoming bored and resorting to destructive behavior. Thanks to the Jack Russell Terrier and Poodle genetics, these dogs are known for their intelligence, hypoallergenic fur and their lack of shedding.
Jackapoo At a Glance
10 and 16 inches tall with a weight between 14 to 26 pounds
Curly or straight and smooth
Cream, black, brown, gray or blue-gray, and white
Did You Know?
These dogs are quick to learn new tricks if they've been properly trained. They have a lively disposition with lots of energy to spend each day. They do best with training to help with their socialization skills, especially early on. Clicker training can help them learn tricks, which is entertaining for you and your family while also keeping the dog occupied with a fun activity. Jackapoos are natural people-pleasers, but they especially love having a task to do.
They have a lively disposition with lots of energy to spend each day. They do best with training to help with their socialization skills, especially early on. Clicker training can help them learn tricks, which is entertaining for you and your family while also keeping the dog occupied with a fun activity. Jackapoos are natural people-pleasers, but they especially love having a task to do.
Jackapoos make very entertaining companions and will fit into any household. They do well with children and other animals, especially if trained well. They are naturally very agile and will find any excuse to climb a higher surface. Jackapoos love going places to see new sights, especially when it comes to the dog park. Often Jackapoos jump at any chance to expend energy, whether it’s playing fetch at the dog park or learning how to jump through hula hoops.
You’ll find training your Jackapoo in different categories like obedience, hunting, and agility will feel rewarding for you as your dog develops new skills. There are lots of videos available online, as well as articles and books about training. This article will touch more on training further down as part of a holistic overview of Jackapoos, their behavior, health and appearance, as well as fun facts about these curly-haired friends.
History of the Jackapoo
To get to know more about Jackapoos, you need to look at their parent breeds. Both Poodles and Jack Rusell Terriers were initially bred to hunt waterfowl. Poodles mostly fulfilled the role of retriever, fetching caught prey for hunters, while Jack Rusell Terriers flushed out and captured small game. The Jack Rusell Terrier dates back to the mid-1800s England to the Reverend John Rusell, who bred them as hunting dogs. The Poodle’s modern origin dates even further back, but the toy poodle is relatively modern.
Poodles were crossbred with other small dog breeds as part of a craze in the ’80s, a benefit of which was the poodle’s hypoallergenic coat. This is especially evident in the Jackapoo. This curly haired dog has the intelligence and noble poise of the Poodle combined with the playful enthusiasm of the Jack Rusell Terrier. They are affectionate companions with lots of energy, and they enjoy working tasks and challenges through training to keep their sharp minds occupied. If they aren’t kept busy, their curious and energetic nature may get the best of them, leading them into mischief or tearing up pillows or other items they know better than to mess with normally. Think about it like this: Jackapoos generate lots of energy, and if they don’t expend it outside the home they may expend it inside.
Poodles are considered exceptionally intelligent dogs for the most part, and Jack Rusell Terriers are also often remarked on for their cleverness. While each of the Jackapoo’s parent breeds are recognized by the American Kennel Club, the Jackapoo are not considered eligible for registration as a breed. Jackapoos are however known and registered by several official hybrid dog organizations, including the American Canine Hybrid Club and the Designer Dogs Kennel Club.
This breed of dog is relatively recent compared to the history of other dog breeds. Efforts at crossing Jack Rusell Terriers and Poodles were not really considered until the Poodle hybrid craze of the ’90s. The Jackapoo is still popular now, making it easier than ever before to find one. It’s easy enough to search Google for the name of the breed and your location to find a list of breeders. The previous owner or breeder of your Jackapoo will be able to tell you more history about your new canine friend, including possible information on their parents.
Jackapoos are small in size, often having been bred with toy size poodles but also miniature. Regardless, they’re usually never more than 15 inches tall, but more often closer to 10 inches. While many Jackapoos may fit in that size range, some are smaller. These small dogs have curly hair that requires maintenance regularly. Their floppy ears combined with their natural fluffiness results in a darling animal that’s fun to play with and easy to cuddle. They’re very friendly, and they show that in their demeanor during their day-to-day activities.
What is it like owning a Jackapoo?
- Personality: These furry little friends are friendly and intelligent, with sharp attention and generally sweet dispositions. Jackapoos naturally love going outdoors and on long walks, as they have the activity level of their Jack Russell Terrier parent breed. These lean, long-legged little dogs are naturally very curious and gentle, so they love cuddling and relaxing time with their owner or favorite family members just as much as they love bustling activity or going to the dog park.
- Behavior: These lively dogs need attention in order to thrive. Just like with a highly intelligent child, enrichment activities to keep their mind active will keep them from becoming bored and destructive. Socialization training is recommended to make sure they socialize well all their lives, otherwise, they may overreact to new presences in the home. This can be quite chaotic but is easily saved with training like having friends bring over dog treats and other exposure activities designed to help a shy dog learn to be social.
- Training: Obedience training is highly recommended for the Jackapoo, which naturally is quite intelligent and playful so likely to instantly engage well with training once he or she sees the reward pattern. Positive reinforcement helps Jackapoos and other dogs learn what behaviors their owners want, so think of the time spent in training as an investment in your dog’s personality and your personal happiness. A well trained dog is an assured and pleasant companion to keep.
- Owner Reports: If you look online for testimonials for dog breeders, you can find lots of reports from dog owners about the specific dog breed. Comments about Jackapoos usually include a love for the dogs intelligence and fun, warm personality. These friendly dogs adapt well to new homes and training regimens, happy to go along with the flow. Reports speak well of the dogs, describing them as precious, quick to learn new skills, very smart animals who love to chase things.
- Hypoallergenic: If you have an allergic reaction to pet dander, this might be your dog. Jackapoos are considered hypoallergenic thanks to their curly coat. This soft fur gets an inch to two inches long, but doesn’t surprise you with dander particles. The dog does still produce dander, but in much smaller amounts than a dog without a hypoallergenic coat. Regular grooming including trips to a professional dog groomer will keep your furry friend happy. Other ways to increase your defenses against dander and other allergens is to keep your carpet and window coverings clean, as they can trap dander particles. This along with regularly grooming your dog for cleanliness will go a long way toward preventing allergic reactions to your furry friend.
- Appetite: These dogs can weigh up to 25 pounds, which may or may not be a healthy weight depending on the size of your dog. They get up to 16 inches tall, but more often than not are less than that height. For the average Jackapoo, you can feed them a cup of high-quality dog kibble per day, half in the morning and half at night. Depending on your dog and their nutritional needs, they may need more or less food or even special diet food. Talk with your veterinarian about the right food choices for your furry friend. Jackapoos are quite small and can’t carry a lot of weight, so you’ll need to watch their figure for them.
- Grooming: One way to spoil a good time is to not brush your dog. Your furry friend can’t do it him or herself, and they would if they could. Regular brushing and trimming keeps their hair out of their eyes and prevents matting. If your Jackapoo inherited the smooth and straight coat of its Jack Rusell parentage, that doesn’t mean it requires less maintenance. If they inherit Jack Rusell hair traits, you’ll want to look out for shedding as it will occur more than with curly hair. Brushing just a few times a week will keep your pet happy and looking good. Bathing is recommended once a month, which helps remove any dander that may linger. Once you hear their toenails clicking on the floor when they walk, you’ll want to trim them right away. Don’t let their time with clicky-clacky nails linger too long because it may become uncomfortable. Home grooming in between visits is important, including teeth brushing. You can find information on cleaning your dog’s teeth at home with doggie toothpaste online.
- Training: Jackadoodles are incredibly eager to learn tricks. They’re smart animals who understand the reward and command system very quickly. You may find that your small dog responds well to clicker training, something you can use to build commands in order to teach your dog behaviors just like a professional animal trainer. It starts small, with just a clicker device and a few treats. Jackapoos are intelligent, so they’re naturals for agility and hunting training. You can capitalize on their hereditary instincts for hunting from their Jack Russell Terrier genetics to hide treats for them to find or create more elaborate games for them.
Jackapoo Breed Information
Jackapoos are fun dogs with big personalities. They’ve got lots of energy, so they’re always up for training drills, playtime or learning a new trick. They’re a relatively new breed, a combination of Jack Russell Terrier and Poodle dreamed up in the 1980s to reduce dander using the Poodle’s hypoallergenic coat. The plan worked, producing a dog whose hair can be smooth or curly depending on the exact parentage, but that either way contains less dander than a dog without Poodle heritage.
The Jackapoo is a small to medium-sized dog depending on parentage, usually somewhere between 10 and 16 inches tall with a weight between 14 to 26 pounds. Their size and stature varies depending on how they were bred and with what sort of dogs, as not all Jackapoos are bred from full Poodle and full Jack Rusell Terrier dogs. Combinations still count, and a hybrid mix can often result in even less dander. They can live for up to 15 years if properly cared for and kept healthy mentally and physically.
There’s a lot to learn about Jackapoos, and you’ll find most of the information out there contained in this article. It’s recommended if you want to learn more to research online and at your local library. By learning more about the parent breeds involved, you can learn more about traits your dog may inherit, whether they’re personality or genetic traits like health conditions they may be predisposed to like hypothyroidism. You’ll read more in this article, but information can be found online at your local veterinarian’s website or through the breeder you choose or research.
Jackapoo Cost – How much are Jackapoos
Pricing varies, but should never exceed more than $2,500, especially if you’re buying directly from a breeder. There are pet stores around that carry many different breeds of dog, including hybrid dogs like Jackapoos. Often these stores have shockingly high prices, upwards of $4,000 or more. It’s best to avoid these, as the high pricing isn’t due to anything more than the overhead it costs to shelter and feed so many small dogs. You’re likely to find more reasonable pricing online, where most small breeder operations are quite active.
Doing your research is important before adopting a new dog into the family. Many breeders offer testimonials and links to information abouts dogs they’ve previously adopted out, and some may have information readily available about the parents of your potential new puppy. This kind of information is one-of-a-kind, and it can be very valuable over the course of your dog’s life, so hang onto it if you get it and ask for it over and over if you don’t. Most reputable breeders are used to getting asked lots of questions, so don’t shy away if you have any.
If you’re worried about seeming too nosy when asking questions about the potential pooch, don’t be. It’s important to remember that you fill out an application to adopt the dog, no matter if you buy it from a breeder or through a shelter or rescue. This means that you will be researched before letting you walk away with a dog, so think of it as a fair trade in a process meant to make sure your dog ends up in the best home for him or her.
Are Jackapoos good apartment dogs?
If you live in a small apartment, you may have reservations about getting a dog. Don’t worry about it when it comes to the Jackapoo. These curly or smooth-haired little dogs are medium-sized at their largest, never more than 15 pounds if properly fed, and are content with spaces large enough for it to run around in. If you have a studio apartment, you might have cause for worry, but more spaces as large as or larger than a one-bedroom apartment will be fine for your new friend.
Like any dog living in an apartment, Jackapoos yearn for more room to play. Taking your dog regularly to the dog park or on long walks will help cure any restlessness, and long walks are good for your own health as well. Overall, these dogs make great apartment pets but do better with more space. Of course, the smaller the Jackapoo is the better it will do in an apartment. Take notice of destructive behavior whenever it occurs to keep tabs on your dog’s mental state. Keeping them happy with regular exercise and stimulation costs a lot less than repairs to carpet, nice shoes, or other items they may chew on if left to their own devices or without enough stimulation.
Shedding is less of a problem for these dogs than others, making this pet perfect for apartments. Cleaning up can be easy as long as it’s done regularly. No matter how hypoallergenic a dog may be, leaving carpet and drapes to gather dust will still make their dander an aggravant to your allergies. Regular cleaning and grooming can be a big difference in daily allergy levels, but Jackapoo’s low shedding is a big help for allergy sufferers who want a furry friend.
What are some common Jackapoo Health Issues
As with any naturally active dog breed, regular exercise is a must to keep the Jackapoo healthy and fit. Letting your dog lapse into a sedentary lifestyle where they don’t run or get regular aerobic activity doesn’t have any health benefits. Overall, the Jackapoo is considered to be a healthy animal with relatively few major concerns aside from the normal risks that face medium-sized dogs. The smaller the dog, the more likely the risk of patellar luxation and eye problems.
Regular checkups and proactive treatment for any condition will keep the Jackapoo healthy and fit, lowering the chance of developing any conditions due to inactivity or poor environment. Keeping the house tidy makes a difference in the area they can roam around in and allows space for running, so keep in mind that a tidy apartment is the best way to keep a dog happy in the city, along with regular long walks outside in the fresh air.
Genetic issues can affect even a very healthy dog. Keeping regular appointments with your veterinarian can help you keep track of your dog’s health. Try keeping the reports from vet visits in a folder with your important files to keep from losing them. Over time, you’ll build up a library to refer back to when it comes time to go to the vet or research in case of a sudden health condition. If you have information on the health history of the parents of your Jackapoo, that information is worth its weight in gold. The sooner you know about an inherited condition, the more proactive you can be in mitigating any symptoms with treatment.
Here are a few serious concerns facing the Jackapoo:
- Von Willebrand’s Disease
- Cushing’s Disease
- Addison’s Disease
- Skin Problems
Other conditions to look out for in the Jackapoo include allergies, arthritis, cataracts, deafness, or ear infections.
Are Jackapoos hard to train?
Jackapoos are naturally easy to train thanks to their parent breeds. Poodles and Jack Rusell Terriers are famed for their performative abilities, and many have found successful work appearing in film or television. This is the work of professional trainers, of course, but the techniques used can be applied at home to your household pet. Clicker training offers a positive stimulus in exchange for a learned behavior, usually by associating the clicker sound with a pending reward. Often the training works to the point where the dog does not expect a treat every time, but that may be necessary at first to keep the training active in the dog’s mind. Make sure to monitor how many treats you give, however, as it’s easy to go overboard at first to see results. You can’t help but want to congratulate your little guy, after all.
Clicker training can be as simple as clicking and then giving treats immediately after. The important rules to remember when clicker training are regular reinforcement and consistent stimuli. Use the same plastic clicker each time. They come relatively cheap, often packed in sets of multiple clickers. Put one in your jacket pocket and you’ll never forget it at the dog park. The sound is also available through several apps, but there’s nothing stopping you from using both to train whenever you can. It’s very rewarding as the owner of a pet to witness them making the connection and performing at a command. Once you get started with a dog, there’s not a limit to what you can train them to do. Try reading up on basic Obedience commands at first. Then, look into Agility and Hunting training. You can also find YouTube and TikTok videos explaining dog training and how to get started.
If you live in a small space with your Jackapoo, training early and often naturally will help with a lot of behavior problems that may arise. Training helps establish boundaries and roles in the house. It also gives your Jackapoo the chance to show off for you. Jackapoos are naturally eager to make their owners happy, so they’ll jump at the opportunity to earn treats. Learning a new trick together can be a great way to bond with your pet. It’s also great fun to show off your dog’s training at the dog park.
What colors do Jackapoos come in?
Jackapoos soft coats can be curly or straight and smooth depending on their genetics, in solid or patterns of cream, black, brown, gray or blue-gray, and white. Sometimes they have white with tan coats, or solid color with black marks. Sometimes their hair can be wiry rather than curly. There’s a lot of variation in the fur patterns and colors for this particular pooch, but they’re all adorable.
Regular grooming can help keep your dog’s coat looking glamorous. The better you treat your dog’s hygiene with regular grooming, the better they’ll feel and look. There’s nothing better than knowing your dog is healthy and happy, feeling their best. It can be delightful to have a regular spa day with your pet when you trim their nails. Some specialty stores sell high-end dog shampoo and conditioner, leave-in treatments, and hair masks for dogs. You can go this route, but there are also DIY options available to help your Jackapoo’s coat shine like never before. A little research on Google and some preparation can turn your bathroom into a spa for dogs.
Keeping their fur clean and well cared for makes their coat shine and grow healthy. This method of regular cleanliness and spa treatments makes for a glamorous dog. Regular brushing and maintenance also reduce shedding considerably, and when you consider the bonding experience you’ll share with your dog, it’s really worth it. Jackapoos love attention, and while it may take them time to get used to spa time, they’ll grow to love the relaxation and pampering.
How big to Jackapoos get?
Jackapoos are considered to be in the medium-size dog category, but their size ranges considerably. Overall they’re always muscular dogs with wide muzzles and flat heads and floppy ears. They seldom grow taller than 16 inches tall, and their muscles are lean, giving them an athletic appearance they’ll long to live up to. Their fur adds some additional size to their appearance depending on how long and fluffy it is, but overall these dogs never appear big.
Weightwise, Jackapoos are usually never more than 25 pounds. A healthy goal weight should be determined with your veterinarian in order to keep the dog fit and happy. The smallest they weigh is generally 13 to 15 pounds. There’s Jackapoos that are smaller, but they are generally difficult to find. If you’re worried about the dog’s size, you can ask the breeder or adoption center about the dog’s parents. Sometimes they’ll keep records or be able to refer you to the current owners so you can see how large each dog got.
6 Fun Facts you should know about Jackapoos
- Jackapoos were created as part of a trend of breeding Poodles with other dogs in different combinations. The parent breeds of the Jack Russell Terrier and the Poodle have a lengthy history.
- Poodles originated in Germany where they were used to retrieve animals downed by hunters. They were especially used to retrieve waterfowl due to their water repellent coat.
- Jackapoos have only been around since the 1980s, making them relatively new breeds of dogs. The exact date of origin or who first invented the new breed isn’t known, but it’s grown in respect as a breed.
- Jackapoos aren’t considered a breed by purebred organizations like the American Kennel Club. However, it’s recognized by plenty of hybrid and designer dog organizations.
- Jackapoos have a bark that’s high pitched, something that might surprise you at first. They aren’t known for their barking, but they will bark like any normal dog, like at the doorbell or other sudden sounds.
- You can groom a Jackapoo in lots of different kinds of styles due to the way its coat grows. Talk with your groomer about different options and ways to make your pet look and feel more glamorous.
Jackapoos make incredible friends, whether you adopt or buy one for yourself or a family member. They’re very intelligent and loyal companions who love to socialize and play with family and other pets. Their medium to small size makes them great pets to keep in an apartment, as long as it’s not a shoebox. Regular walks and exercise keep them healthy and happy, adding activity and companionship to your life.
The Jackapoo is easily trained, making them excellent travel companions. Depending on their size, they may be small enough to fit in a bag or carrying case that you can tote around. Or they can trot happily by your side on a leash. Either way, their natural curiosity will have them looking all around whenever they’re out of the house. Keep treats and your clicker on hand to have activities to keep them focused. Not all dogs are prone to wandering off, but a distracted dog may lose sight of you on accident when stopping to investigate a nice smell or sight outside. You can help avoid this by keeping your dog on a leash and having training exercises around obedience.
These highly trainable dogs may have you interested in learning advanced dog training techniques. Jack Russell Terrier intelligence mixed with Poodle intelligence makes for an eager student in your small to medium-sized dog. Don’t slack once you start a training program though. You may find the structure of regular training quite nice depending on your lifestyle. It will definitely keep your Jackapoo entertained and happy to contribute.